Dentists carry out a number of services, including check-ups, emergency care, orthodontics and teeth whitening. They treat various conditions, including tooth decay, broken teeth, missing fillings and overcrowded teeth.

Check up

You should visit your dentist regularly for a check-up. During a check-up, your dentist will assess your mouth for symptoms of gum disease or tooth decay. They can remove plaque that has collected on your teeth. This helps to prevent more serious dental issues.  


If you have a toothache, this could be an indication of a larger issue with your teeth. A toothache can be due to sensitivity or conditions such as teeth grinding, gum disease, an abscess, a damaged tooth, tooth decay or a broken filling.

Your dentist will examine your teeth for symptoms of tooth decay. They will ask for information about your diet and medical history. Your dentist may take x-rays to look further at the structure of your teeth.

If your toothache is caused by a cavity, then your dentist will either fill the cavity or remove your tooth, depending on the severity of the cavity. If there is an infected nerve, your dentist may need to use root canal therapy. Additionally, you may be prescribed antibiotics to reduce swelling. If your mouth is swollen, you can also apply an ice pack to your face and use painkillers for any pain.

After hours dentist

Your local after-hours dentist can treat any emergency problems that you experience, including a broken, fractured or chipped tooth, extreme pain or a missing crown or filling. They will be able to treat the damage which can also prevent more serious issues occurring, such as an infection.

Emergency dental treatment

If you have a chipped tooth, your dentist may use a method called dental bonding. A liquid is applied to your damaged tooth, then an adhesive and then a bonding substance. The bonding material is shaped and hardened to fit your tooth.

If your tooth is broken or if you have tooth decay, your dentist may fit a crown. If the top of a tooth has broken, a pin may be fitted into any remaining root and then a crown will be placed over the pin. Dental crowns consist of a material, such as ceramic, metal or porcelain that is attached to metal.


Orthodontics are used to straighten teeth. This includes metal braces, plastic braces, and veneers. Orthodontics are used to treat conditions such as overbite, underbite, overcrowded teeth and gaps between teeth.